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Open Access Minimum Income and Labour Market Integration Processes: Individual and Institutional Determinants

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This article discusses whether activation policies have had a positive effect on beneficiaries of minimum income protection in Catalonia (Spain). The article first confirms that social assistance beneficiaries with higher employability levels have greater chances of finding a job. Second, the article identifies different profiles of beneficiaries and examines the characteristics of those who did not find jobs in a favourable economic context. The results suggest that it is personal problems that act as barriers. Third, the article also examines to what extent public management is responsible for the results. For this purpose, it compares the performance of administrative units, controlling for the characteristics of their clients. Finally, the article discusses whether making social assistance dependent on activation is a good strategy for the majority of beneficiaries with particularly difficult profiles, and what administrations can do.

En este artículo se discute si las políticas de activación tienen un efecto positivo en los beneficiarios del programa de renta mínima de inserción en Cataluña. En primer lugar, se confirma que los beneficiarios de la asistencia social con un elevado grado de empleabilidad tienen mayores posibilidades de encontrar trabajo. En segundo lugar, el artículo identifica distintos perfiles de beneficiarios y examina las características de los que no encuentran trabajo en un contexto económico favorable. Los resultados sugieren que los problemas personales actúan como barreras al empleo. En tercer lugar, el artículo también examina hasta qué punto los resultados obtenidos son atribuibles a la gestión pública del programa. A tal fin, se comparan los resultados de las unidades de gestión, controlando por las características de sus clientes. Finalmente, el artículo discute si la vinculación de la asistencia social con las políticas de activación es una buena estrategia para la mayoría de los beneficiarios con perfiles especialmente difíciles y qué es lo que las administraciones pueden hacer al respecto.

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Keywords: Activation policies; Catalonia; Cataluña; Inclusión social; Inserción laboral; Labour market integration; Minimum income programs; Políticas de activación; Programas de renta mínima; Social inclusion; Workfare

Language: English

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS) is a quarterly publication of the Center for Sociological Research (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas - CIS), and constitutes one of the main editorial activities of CIS. REIS was first published in 1978, with the main goal of disseminating the results of sociological research aiming at a better understanding of the Spanish society. Its historic course and the high level of quality demanded on its contributions has situated REIS in an outstanding position as a reference journal in the area of the Social Sciences. The journal covers a wide range of topics in the field of Sociology and Political Science in general.

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