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Open Access Dimensiones múltiples de la participación ciudadana en la planificación espacial

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En el estudio de los procesos sociales de participación ciudadana vinculados a procesos de planificación espacial prevalecen visiones pluralistas y unidimensionales. En este trabajo se examinan las definiciones de la participación ciudadana en la planificación espacial propuestas por autores con perspectivas elitistas, conflictualistas y, en general, multidimensionales. Sus contribuciones ofrecen marcos interpretativos más adecuados para la investigación social de esta problemática y señalan variables relevantes, como el papel de los expertos, el origen de las iniciativas y las consecuencias sociopolíticas. Distinguimos aquí cuatro enfoques multidimensionales (el de los «movimientos urbanos», el «dialéctico», el de la «potenciación» y el «comunicativocrítico »), sus principales diferencias y las alternativas que formulan a las concepciones unidimensionales de la participación ciudadana en términos de ejercicios colectivos de poder, actores y métodos involucrados.

Pluralist and one-dimensional views are prevalent in the analysis of citizen participation processes linked to spatial planning processes. This article examines the definitions of such processes as proposed by authors with elitist, conflictualist and, in general, multi-dimensional perspectives. Their contributions provide more suitable theoretical frameworks for social investigation purposes and highlight important variables such as the role of experts, the origin of participatory initiatives and their socio-political consequences. We maintain that multi-dimensional perspectives offer a more comprehensive approach to the analysis of urban policies in which citizen participation is embedded. Hence, the article focuses on four multi-dimensional approaches, their main differentiating features, and the ways in which they represent an alternative to one-dimensional conceptions of citizen participation in terms of the collective exercise of power and the actors and methods involved.

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Keywords: Citizen participation; Marcos teóricos; Participación ciudadana; Planificación espacial; Políticas urbanas; Spatial planning; Theoretical frameworks; Urban policies

Language: English

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS) is a quarterly publication of the Center for Sociological Research (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas - CIS), and constitutes one of the main editorial activities of CIS. REIS was first published in 1978, with the main goal of disseminating the results of sociological research aiming at a better understanding of the Spanish society. Its historic course and the high level of quality demanded on its contributions has situated REIS in an outstanding position as a reference journal in the area of the Social Sciences. The journal covers a wide range of topics in the field of Sociology and Political Science in general.

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