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Open Access Las carreras políticas de los jefes de gobierno regionales en España, Francia y el Reino Unido (1980-2010)

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El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer los efectos de la descentralización política en la élite política regional. Nos preguntamos si se está produciendo una bifurcación respecto a la élite nacional, de tal modo que se manifieste un predominio de carreras locales o regionales frente a carreras nacionales. Para ello, realizamos una descripción de las carreras políticas de los jefes de gobiernos regionales de España, Francia y Reino Unido y establecemos una comparación entre los tres países y entre períodos de tiempo. Los datos apuntan la existencia de modelos de carrera diversos, en los que las trayectorias local y nacional tienden a disociarse, creando cursus honorum distintos del tradicional. El caso español es donde mejor se observa la aparición de carreras territoriales asociadas a las nuevas instituciones regionales.

This article aims to address the effects of political decentralization on the regional political elite. We observe whether a bifurcation is taking place regarding the national elite, through a predominance of local and regional careers. We use a descriptive approach of the political careers of the regional presidents and prime ministers in Spain, France and United Kingdom, comparing amongst countries and periods of time. The data suggest the existence of different patterns, in which local and national paths tend to dissociate, creating distinctive cursus honorum. Spain is the best case to observe the arise of political careers linked to the new regional institutions.

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Keywords: Carreras políticas; Descentralización; Elites políticas; Multilevel system; Political careers; Political elites; Presidentes; Presidents; Prime ministers; Primer ministro; Regiones; Regions; autonómicos

Language: English

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS) is a quarterly publication of the Center for Sociological Research (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas - CIS), and constitutes one of the main editorial activities of CIS. REIS was first published in 1978, with the main goal of disseminating the results of sociological research aiming at a better understanding of the Spanish society. Its historic course and the high level of quality demanded on its contributions has situated REIS in an outstanding position as a reference journal in the area of the Social Sciences. The journal covers a wide range of topics in the field of Sociology and Political Science in general.

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