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Trees outside forests (TOF): a case study of wood production and consumption in Haryana

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With only 3.5 percent of its area under forests, Haryana state has become self-sufficient in small wood, fuelwood and industrial timber by instituting large-scale plantations outside forests, especially on farmlands. These plantations sustain about 670 wood-based veneer, plywood and board, manufacturing units, one large paper mill and about 4 300 sawmills. The units are mainly based on agro-forest produce, and Haryana has become the model state for agro-forestry practices. This overwhelming success results from efforts in the last three decades to promote the raising of plantations in non-forest lands by the state, national government and private and industrial concerns. The trees have not only given impetus to the growth of wood-based industries and employment opportunities but also increased the extent of area under forest and tree cover to 6.63 percent (FSI 2003).
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Keywords: trees outside forests; wood consumption; wood production

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Managing Director, Haryana Forest Development Corporation, Van Bhawan, C-18, Sector 6, Panchkula 134 109, India.

Publication date: June 1, 2008

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