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Private farmerprivate industry partnerships for industrial wood production: a case study

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The pulp and paper industry is a key contributor to the Indian economy. Of 660 paper mills in India, 26 are wood-based and face challenges with forest-based raw material. Annual pulp production is 1.9 million tonnes (mt) using 6.8 mt of wood. Nearly 20 percent of wood is procured from government sources and 80 percent from agro-forestry sources. To sustainably supply the ever-growing demand for wood, the industry relies on social and farm forestry, and tree cover has increased through mill-promoted plantations. Under private farmer and private industry partnerships, ITC Ltd. has promoted over 80 000 hectares (ha) of clonal plantation, using R&D to increase productivity to 2058 mt/ha/yr compared with 4-6 mt/ha/yr from seedling plantations, favouring fast wood forestry. In Andhra Pradesh, a forward-looking state, eucalyptus, casuarina and leucaena wood are declared as agricultural produce and marketed through agricultural market committees.
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Keywords: agro-farm forestry; clonal technology; multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSP); pulp & paper

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: General Manager (Plantation), ITC Ltd. Paperboards and Specialty Papers Division, Sarapaka 507128 Andhra Pradesh, India.

Publication date: June 1, 2008

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