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Modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise power spectrum (NPS) studies on three industrial digital radiography (IDR) systems

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Two main spatial frequency and quantitative calculations and measurements are used to study the imaging system of three industrial digital radiography (IDR) modules for non-destructive testing (NDT), namely complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) flat-panel digital detector with 50 m pixel pitch, computed radiography (CR) with phosphor imaging plate with 25 m pixel pitch and laser-type film digitiser with 50 m pixel pitch. The modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise power spectrum (NPS) measurement and calculations were adapted in order to evaluate the image quality of IDR images. The MTF has been used to characterise the resolution properties of analogue and digital X-ray imaging systems and measure image deterioration due to optical factors, such as diffusion of image forming radiation. The NPS is used in determining noise in images produced and the choices of normalisation of the NPS vary slightly from researcher to researcher, but the underlying methodology is consistent. In order to easily compare these two measurements and calculations, the integral of up to the system Nyquist frequency was used as the final image quality quantitative evaluation. For the MTF measurement and calculation, four regions of interest (ROI) were defined to portray the randomness in performing real testing. The four ROI are then compared with each other. For the NPS measurement and calculation, ten ROI were defined, scattered and averaged to have overall noise estimation. From the measurements and calculations which were done, the averaged MTF at 20 modulation for the laser-type film digitiser system is 6.55 cycles/mm, CR modulated 4.48 and CMOS modulated 2.83 cycles/mm. For NPS measurement and calculation, the result obtained in decreasing order is laser-type film digitiser, CMOS and CR. The laser-type film digitiser system modulates the best transfer function at 20 but does not have the lowest NPS. The lowest and stable NPS is the CR system but it has the lowest modulating capability at 20. The study shows that in order to perform NDT by using the evaluated modules, the user must know the true capability of the system and how it is designed for specific application and discontinuity detection.
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Keywords: Non-destructive testing (NDT); industrial digital radiography (IDR); laser-type film digitiser; modulation transfer function (MTF); noise power spectrum (NPS)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1 Non-Destructive Testing Group, Industrial Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, 43000, Bangi, Kajang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.ext 1782);, Tel: 60389250510 (, Fax: 60389250907

Publication date: June 1, 2009

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