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The use of 'Positive Greetings at the Door' to increase on-task behaviour in a vocational training centre

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Background: Preliminary studies suggest 'Positive Greetings at the Door' is a simple, low cost, antecedent intervention, for promoting engagement and reducing the risk of disruptive behaviour at the beginning of lessons.
Method and materials: Three single case ABAB reversal designs were used in a vocational training centre for adults with intellectual disabilities. Real time duration recording was used to measure on-task behaviour. Interval recording was used to investigate staff delivery of verbal attention. Functional assessments of off-task behaviour were completed.
Results: Results revealed that staff greetings produced increases in on-task behaviour, during the first ten minutes, from a mean of 54% during baseline to a mean of 79% during intervention phases. Staff greetings appear to set the occasion for staff to interact more frequently with participants.
Conclusions: 'Positive Greetings at the Door' may be an antecedent manipulation that is low cost, technically undemanding, function-independent and effective in improving on-task behaviour.
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Keywords: 'POSITIVE GREETINGS AT THE DOOR'; ANTECEDENT INTERVENTION; INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES; ON-TASK BEHAVIOUR; WORK SCHEME

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • Positive behavioural support (PBS) combines the conceptual framework of applied behaviour analysis with the values base of social role valorisation and framework of person-centred approaches. The International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support is a peer-reviewed publication that aims to:

    · define and promote good practice in relation to the use of PBS

    · add to the evidence base regarding such interventions

    · demonstrate how PBS interventions can support people to change their challenging behaviours, improve their quality of life, and result in reductions in the use of restrictive procedures (such as physical intervention, seclusion and as required medication)

    · bridge the gap between academic research and service practice
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