Skip to main content

Pica behaviour and positive behavioural support: Best practice in assessment and intervention

Buy Article:

$22.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Background: Pica (the ingestion of non-edible items) is a dangerous and relatively common behaviour presented by people with intellectual disabilities. Method and materials: Non-systematic review of studies that are compatible with positive behavioural support related to the definition, prevalence, assessment and intervention for pica. Results: Pica has a high prevalence in people with intellectual developmental disabilities and is potentially dangerous and multi-factorial in its causation. A range of suggested intervention strategies compatible with PBS were found, with reported reductions in pica ranging from 70 to 90% with a clear indication that multi-element interventions are likely to be the most effective. Conclusions: Whilst the results reported in the studies reviewed are encouraging, there remain concerns regarding the feasibility of the implementation of these interventions and the extent to which the risks associated with pica need to be managed even in the context of relatively effective interventions.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • Positive behavioural support (PBS) combines the conceptual framework of applied behaviour analysis with the values base of social role valorisation and framework of person-centred approaches. The International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support is a peer-reviewed publication that aims to:

    · define and promote good practice in relation to the use of PBS

    · add to the evidence base regarding such interventions

    · demonstrate how PBS interventions can support people to change their challenging behaviours, improve their quality of life, and result in reductions in the use of restrictive procedures (such as physical intervention, seclusion and as required medication)

    · bridge the gap between academic research and service practice
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content