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Role of Cytokines and Matrix Metallo-Proteinases in Patients with Temporo- Mandibular Joint Internal Derangements and/or Osteoarthritis

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The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate on the relationship between synovial level of cytokines and matrix metallo-proteinases and temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) internal derangements (IDs) and/or osteoarthritis (OA). Twelve studies were included in the review and markers were evaluated in respect to IDs and OA. Findings from these investigations highlighted that higher levels of IL1β, IL-6, IL-11, TGFβ1 were associated to TMJ's OA; on the other hand, higher levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 could correlate to ID without reduction (IDw/oR). Furthermore, higher levels of MMP-9 could associate also to severe condition of TMJ's OA. The findings of this systematic review could represent a useful tool for diagnosis and prognosis of TMJ's diseases, particularly about the effectiveness of arthroscopy and/or arthrocentesis in patients submitted to repeated surgical treatments. The paper also outlines some recent patents.
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Keywords: Cytokines; matrix metallo-proteinases; osteoarthritis; temporo-mandibular disorders

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2013

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  • Recent Patents on Biomarkers publishes review and research articles, and guest edited thematic issues on important recent patents on biomarkers. The coverage includes novel biomarkers in basic, medical, environmental, and pharmaceutical research. A selection of important and recent patents on biomarkers is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in biomarker research and discovery. The journal also covers recent research (where patents have been registered) in fast emerging patent biomarker applications; discovery and validation are covered for drug discovery, clinical development and molecular diagnostics.
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