TWEAK as a Biomarker
TWEAK is a cytokine that belongs to the TNF superfamily. TWEAK binds to the Fn14 receptor to activate alternative and classical NFκB pathways, MAPKs, TAK1 and PI3K/Akt intracellular signaling pathways. TWEAK regulates cell proliferation, cell death, cell differentiation, angiogenesis and inflammation. Functional studies targeting TWEAK and/or Fn14 implicate the system in acute and chronic tissue injury, tissue repair and cancer. Circulating soluble TWEAK has been postulated as a biomarker of endothelial injury, atherosclerosis and clinical outcomes in chronic kidney disease patients. In addition, urinary TWEAK has been suggested to be a biomarker of lupus nephritis activity. A database search yielded one patent on TWEAK as a biomarker of subclinical cardiovascular injury. Further research is needed to validate the relevance of TWEAK assessment as a decision-making clinical tool.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2011
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- Recent Patents on Biomarkers publishes review and research articles, and guest edited thematic issues on important recent patents on biomarkers. The coverage includes novel biomarkers in basic, medical, environmental, and pharmaceutical research. A selection of important and recent patents on biomarkers is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in biomarker research and discovery. The journal also covers recent research (where patents have been registered) in fast emerging patent biomarker applications; discovery and validation are covered for drug discovery, clinical development and molecular diagnostics.
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