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Determination of Specificity and Biochemical Characteristics of Neutral Protease Isolated from Myceliophthora thermophila

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Proteases hydrolyze polypeptides to release peptides and/or amino acids. This subclass of enzymes is among those with the most sales worldwide, particularly those produced by microorganisms. Proteases may be applied in the several industries, including the food industry, leather, detergents, and bioremediation. Myceliophthora thermophila protease was produced by a submerged bioprocess and then purified 185-fold by anion exchange and hydrophobic chromatography with a 37% yield. The molecular mass was estimated at 36.2 kDa, and mass spectrometry identified two sequences: GVVANMSLGGSYSASINNAAAALVR and STGNAAITGVPSGTTNR. The isolated protein was characterized biochemically, showed an optimum pH of 6.5 and optimum temperature of 45 °C, and stability at wide range of pH and temperatures and in the presence of reducing agents and some surfactants. Kinetic assays for this enzyme showed a greater catalytic efficiency when the substrate had alanine at position P'2. The protease presented characteristics that may be of interest to many industrial areas.
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Keywords: FRET substrates; Myceliophthora thermophila; mass spectrometry; neutral protease; purification; stability

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2015

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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