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Micelle Bound Structure and Model Membrane Interaction Studies of the Peptide Hylin a1 from the Arboreal South American Frog Hypsiboas albopunctatus

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) appear as a promising therapeutic candidate against multiresistant pathogens, because they are able to kill microorganisms and have low toxicity of resistance cells. Hylin a1 (Hy-a1, IFGAILPLALGALKNLIK-NH2) is a peptide extracted from the skin secretion of the frog Hypsiboas albopunctatus, which displays antimicrobial and hemolytic activities. We report here structural studies of Hy-a1 using different techniques such as fluorescence, CD and NMR. Our data showed that Hy-a1 acquires a well defined amphipathic α-helix when interacting with a membrane-like environment. Furthermore, Hy-a1 presented different affinity when compared to membranes of zwitterionic or anionic lipid composition. Finally, we proposed a molecular interaction model of this peptide with micelles.
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Keywords: Amphipathic; Hylin a1; NMR; antimicrobial peptide; frog skin secretion; hemolytic; pore formation; structure

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2015

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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