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The PA207 Peptide Inhibitor of LIM-only Protein 2 (Lmo2) Targets Zinc Finger Domains in a Non-specific Manner

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Peptide aptamers of LIM-only protein 2 (Lmo2) were previously used to successfully treat Lmo2-induced tumours in a mouse model of leukaemia. Here we show that the Lmo2 aptamer PA207, either as a free peptide or fused to thioredoxin Trx-PA207, causes purified Lmo2 to precipitate rather than binding to a defined surface on the protein. Stabilisation of Lmo2 through interaction with LIM domain binding protein 1 (Ldb1), a normal binding partner of Lmo2, abrogates this effect. The addition of free zinc causes Trx-PA207 to self associate, suggesting that PA207 destabilises Lmo2 by modulating normal zinc-coordination in the LIM domains. GST-pulldown experiments with other Lmo and Gata proteins indicates that PA207 can bind to a range of zinc finger proteins. Thus, PA207 and other cysteine-containing peptide aptamers for Lmo2 may form a class of general zinc finger inhibitors.
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Keywords: Chemical shift perturbation experiments; Lmo2; peptide aptamer; peptide-protein interaction; protein destabilisation; zinc co-ordination

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2014

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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