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Crystal Structure and Fluorescence Analysis of Alkaline Thermostable Xylanase from Bacillus sp. (NCL 87-6-10)

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Structural information deduced from the new crystal form of xylanase from Bacillus sp (NCL 87-6-10) (ATBXYL- C) helped us to identify the active site and interpret the stability of the enzyme. The analysis of the tetragonal crystal structure of ATBXYL-C with a bound and cleaved xylotriose revealed the two glutamic acid residues in the structure that could act as nucleophile (Glu94) and base (Glu184) in the enzyme activity and also the tryptophan residues interacting with the substrate. The cleavage of xylotriose in the crystal showed xylobiose to be the major product. Intrinsic fluorescence of the enzyme showed the presence of tryptophans in partially exposed to the solvent at the active site and surface tryptophans in electropositive environment. The titration experiments with xylobiose and xylotriose revealed slightly enhanced preference for longer chain X3 compared with X2. The crystal structure also account for some of the factors, such as increased number of ionic interactions and additional interactions at the N-terminus, which contributed to increased alkalophilicity and thermostability of the enzyme.
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Keywords: Alkaline thermophile Bacillus xylanase (ATBXYL-C); active site residues; fluorescence studies; three-dimensional structure

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2013

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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