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An Investigation of the Molecular Interactions of Diacetylcurcumin with Ribonuclease A

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Curcumin is a natural product with diverse pharmacological activities. Studies of curcumin and its structural derivatives have been a subject of growing interest as a result of their diverse biological activities. We report the interaction of diacetylcurcumin (DAC) with Ribonuclease A (RNase A). The binding constant of DAC with RNase A was found to be of the order of 104 M-1. The intrinsic fluorescence of RNase A was quenched by DAC with a quenching constant of 2.2 x 104 M-1. The distance between the fluorophore of RNase A and DAC was found to be 2.6 nm, calculated from a Förster type fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Secondary structural changes of RNase A after binding were analyzed from circular dichroism and Fourier transform infrared studies. Protein-ligand docking studies were conducted to determine the residues involved in the interaction of RNase A with DAC and changes in the accessible surface of the interacting residues were calculated accordingly.

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Keywords: CD; Diacetylcurcumin; Docking; FTIR; Fluorescence; Ribonuclease A; binding

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2009

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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