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Cold-Adapted Esterases and Lipases: From Fundamentals to Application

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Micro-organisms that thrive at low temperatures produce cold-adapted enzymes which display high catalytic efficiency, generally associated with low thermal stability. In the recent past, researchers and industries have focused the attention on cold-adapted enzymes, whose peculiar properties make them particularly interesting either for investigating stability/flexibility relationships, or for their potential application in industrial processes. Among these enzymes, lipases and esterases, have potential utilisations in a broad range of biotechnological applications. In fact, these biocatalysts represent the most widely used enzymes in biotechnology and organic chemistry. Modern methods of genetic engineering combined with growing knowledge of structure and function allow further adaptation to industrial needs and exploration of novel applications. Hence, in this review we attempt to offer an overview on some psychrophilic esterases and lipases; major details will be presented for ORF PSHAa0051 from Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125, recently investigated by our team. In addition, potential biotechnological applications will be discussed.

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Keywords: Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125; psychrophilic bacterial strain; α/βhydrolase

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2009

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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