Main Anti-tumor Angiogenesis Agents Isolated From Chinese Herbal Medicines
With a long history of clinical use, Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is emerging as a noticeable choice for its multi-level, multi-target and coordinated intervention effects against tumor. Recently, many agents from CHM have shown powerful anti-angiogenic activities against tumor. In this review, we discussed the anti-tumor angiogenic activities of 6 kinds of agents from CHM (sulfated polysaccharides/glycopeptides, flavonoids, artemisinin, arsenic trioxide, ginsenoside, and tanshinone). The underlying pharmacological mechanisms of cancer angiogenesis inhibition by these agents are also gradually shown to us. Sulfated polysaccharides/glycopeptides and flavonoids may have synergistic effects with targeted anti-angiogenic drugs mainly targeting VEGF pathway by inhibiting bFGF and HIF-1α pathway, respectively. It is interesting that artemisinin and arsenic trioxide, two famous natural products worldwide, also have antitumor activity at least in part via angiogenesis inhibition. In addition, some natural products that are widely used for patients with cancer, such as ginseng and danshen, act as double-edged swords for tumor angiogenesis. Our review is aimed at providing an understanding of anti-angiogenic compounds from CHM and we propose that these breakthrough findings may have important implications for targeted-angiogenesis therapy and modernization of CHM.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2015
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