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Chemical Properties and Biological Activities of Cyclopentenediones: A Review

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Cyclopentenediones (CPDs) are secondary metabolites of higher plants, fungi, algae, cyanobacteria and bacteria. A common denominator of CPDs is the cyclopent-4-ene-1,3-dione skeleton (1), which is modified by several functional groups. The heterogeneity of these substitutions is reflected in around one hundred CPDs reported to date. Most of the derivatives were isolated primarily from plant sources. Synthetic analogues were then prepared with new biological activities and more interesting pharmacological potential. Antifungal substances called coruscanones (2, 3) are the most studied of the CPDs. Other intensely investigated CPDs include lucidone (4), linderone (5), asterredione (6), involutone (7), nostotrebin 6 (8), TX-1123 (9), G2201-C (10), madindolines (11, 12) and many others. In addition to antibacterial and antifungal effects, a broad spectrum of biological activities for CPDs has been reported in the past two decades, especially anti-inflammatory, cytostatic and specific enzyme inhibitory activities. The CPD skeleton has been identified in a number of substances isolated from the plant kingdom; hence, CPDs can be referred to as a new group of natural bioactive substances. The main goal of this review is to define CPDs with respect to basic chemistry, isolation, synthetic approaches and description of their biological effects. Special attention is given to a detailed view into biological activities of CPDs in vitro and their phamacological potential.
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Keywords: Biological activity; chemical properties; coruscanones; cyclopentenediones; pharmacological potential; synthesis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2014

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  • The aim of Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry is to publish short reviews on the important recent developments in medicinal chemistry and allied disciplines.

    The scope of Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry will cover all areas of medicinal chemistry including developments in rational drug design, synthetic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, high-throughput screening, combinatorial chemistry, drug targets, and natural product research and structure-activity relationship studies.

    Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal and pharmaceutical chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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