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Effect of Vitamin K Supplementation on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Background: Multiple cross sectional and longitudinal studies reported the benefits of vitamin K intake for management of cardiometabolic risk factors so as to minimize the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Objective: In present systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin K supplementation on cardiometabolic risk factors.

Methodology: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Cochrane central, Clinicaltrials.gov, Google Scholar, Web of Science, EBSCO and Scopus databases was done from inception to November, 2017. A total of 13 trials were selected for inclusion into the present systematic review to evaluate the effect of vitamin K supplementation on cardiometabolic risk factors in healthy or in population at high risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Results: Significant beneficial effects of vitamin K supplementation were found only in case of Creactive protein (p = 0.01) and insulin sensitivity index (p <0.001), while no significant effects of vitamin K supplementation were found in case of total cholesterol (p=0.857), low density lipoprotein – cholesterol (p=0.964), high density lipoprotein – cholesterol (p=0.998), interleukin – 6 (p=0.766), systolic blood pressure (p=0.660), diastolic blood pressure (p=0.818), fasting plasma glucose (p=0.362), fasting plasma insulin (p=0.928) and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (p=0.672).

Conclusion: Presently available evidence are insufficient to ascertain the beneficial effects of vitamin K supplementation for the management of cardiometabolic risk factors. In order to explore the true potential of vitamin K supplementation for management of cardiometabolic diseases, large randomized placebo controlled trials are required in population with disturbed cardiometabolic profile. Present systematic review and meta-analysis is registered with PROSPERO (Registration number: CRD42018084608).
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Keywords: Vitamin K; cardiometabolic risk factors; high density lipoprotein – cholesterol; menaquinones; phylloquinone; supplementation

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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  • This journal is devoted to timely reviews of experimental and clinical studies in the field of endocrine, metabolic, and immune disorders. Specific emphasis is placed on humoral and cellular targets for natural, synthetic, and genetically engineered drugs that enhance or impair endocrine, metabolic, and immune parameters and functions. Topics related to the neuroendocrine-immune axis are given special emphasis in view of the growing interest in stress-related, inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative disorders.
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