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Comparing Allergist and Cardiologist Considerations for the Optimal Management of Thienopyridines Hypersensitivity

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Background and Objective: The thienopyridine family includes ticlopidine, clopidogrel and prasugrel which are antiplatelet drugs largely used, mainly associated to aspirin, for treatment of acute coronary syndromes and after percutaneous coronary interventions, to avoid thrombosis. In some patients, thienpyridines may cause hypersensitivity reactions which jeopardize the optimal therapeutic and preventive approach to vascular diseases. The management of thienopyridine hypersensitivity seems to be best done as an interdisciplinary collaboration between the allergist and cardiologist.

Method: The present study investigates the management of thienopyridines hypersensitivity on the basis of published case reports and studies, comparing the pro and contro of pharmacological treatments, different desensitization protocols to thienopyridines and substitution of antiplatelet agents eaches others, according to the point of view of cardiologist and allergist. For the cardiologist, the important issues are the necessity of continuing therapy, the desired duration of therapy based on the clinical indication of the individual patient and appropriateness of using one of the alternative P2Y12 inhibitors. For the allergist, the important issues are weighing the risk and benefits of the various therapeutic options: treating “through” desensitization, or switching to an alternative agent.

Results and Conclusion: All the data seem to suggest that only working together, a cardio-allergy team of specialists may evaluate and offer the best approach to clinical decision-making for the individual patient.
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Keywords: Thienopyridines; clopidogrel; hypersensitivity; prasugrel; premedication; ticagrelor desensitization; ticlopidine

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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  • This journal is devoted to timely reviews of experimental and clinical studies in the field of endocrine, metabolic, and immune disorders. Specific emphasis is placed on humoral and cellular targets for natural, synthetic, and genetically engineered drugs that enhance or impair endocrine, metabolic, and immune parameters and functions. Topics related to the neuroendocrine-immune axis are given special emphasis in view of the growing interest in stress-related, inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative disorders.
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