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The Association of Folic Acid Deficiency and Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Introduction: Diabetic Mellitus is the chronic metabolic illness characterised by hyperglycemia and various complications of heart, eyes, nerves, kidney etc. Diabetic Nephropathy is the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patient. We hypothesized that decreased serum folic acid levels are associated with Diabetic Nephropathy.

Materials and Method: Our study population consist of 100 subjects out of which 50 cases of Diabetes Mellitus are without Diabetic Nephropathy and 50 cases of Diabetes Mellitus with Diabetic Nephropathy. We measured various routine lab parameters, apart from that, we measured spot urinary albumin to creatinine ratio to assess diabetic nephropathy and we used chemiluminesence based immunoassay to measure serum folic acid.

Result: Serum folic acid in the group with nephropathy was significantly lower than that of the group without nephropathy (4.9 ± 0.4 ng/dl) vs (6.8 ± 0.5 ng/dl) p = 0.05. We found that serum folic acid was negatively correlated with spot urinary albumin ratio and on multivariate logistic regression analysis we found that decrease in folic acid significantly (p < 0.05) increases the chances of diabetes with nephropathy by 19.9 %.

Conclusion: Our study tilt toward the deficiency of serum folic acid levels in diabetes mellitus patient with nephropathy. So if we would correct folic acid deficiency in diabetic patient then we could prevent the development of various complication associated with diabetes and help in reducing the morbidity and mortality of diabetic patient.
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Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; diabetic nephropathy; folic acid; type 2 diabetes mellitus

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2016

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  • This journal is devoted to timely reviews of experimental and clinical studies in the field of endocrine, metabolic, and immune disorders. Specific emphasis is placed on humoral and cellular targets for natural, synthetic, and genetically engineered drugs that enhance or impair endocrine, metabolic, and immune parameters and functions. Topics related to the neuroendocrine-immune axis are given special emphasis in view of the growing interest in stress-related, inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative disorders.
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