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Incretin Based Therapies: Bone Protective Effects

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2D) and osteoporosis have been found recently to be tightly correlated. In fact, T2D can result in bone loss through different mechanisms resulting in alteration of bone matrix and inhibition of bone formation. Fracture risk also increases significantly. New antidiabetic agents, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and glucagon like peptide -1 agonists have shown promise in many fields beyond glycemic control. Benefits on the skeletal system are multiple through direct stimulation of osteoblasts, inhibition of advanced glycation end products and inhibition of bone resorption. However, clinical evidence in humans is still not enough to allow definitive conclusions.
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Keywords: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors; glucagon like peptide -1 agonists; incretin therapy; osteoporosis; type 2 diabetes mellitus

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2013

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  • This journal is devoted to timely reviews of experimental and clinical studies in the field of endocrine, metabolic, and immune disorders. Specific emphasis is placed on humoral and cellular targets for natural, synthetic, and genetically engineered drugs that enhance or impair endocrine, metabolic, and immune parameters and functions. Topics related to the neuroendocrine-immune axis are given special emphasis in view of the growing interest in stress-related, inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative disorders.
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