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Open Access Immunomodulatory Properties of ES-62, a Phosphorylcholine - Containing Glycoprotein Secreted by Acanthocheilonema viteae

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Filarial nematodes are parasites that have the ability to persist in their hosts for extended periods of time due to the employment of various mechanisms to divert or down-regulate the host's immune responses. One of these mechanisms is the production of immunomodulatory excretory-secretory (ES) products. This review will discuss the properties of one such product, ES-62, which over the years, has been shown to interact with and modulate the activities of a variety of cells of the immune system including B and T lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages and mast cells. Overall, ES-62 diverts the immune system towards an anti-inflammatory phenotype and consistent with this it has been shown to have therapeutic potential in models of inflammatory disease associated with autoimmunity and allergy.

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Keywords: Allergy; ES-62; N- glycosidase; Signal transduction; anti-inflammatory; autoimmunity; excretory-secretory; filarial nematode; glucosamine-labelled ES-62; immunomodulation; immunomodulatory

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • This journal is devoted to timely reviews of experimental and clinical studies in the field of endocrine, metabolic, and immune disorders. Specific emphasis is placed on humoral and cellular targets for natural, synthetic, and genetically engineered drugs that enhance or impair endocrine, metabolic, and immune parameters and functions. Topics related to the neuroendocrine-immune axis are given special emphasis in view of the growing interest in stress-related, inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative disorders.
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