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Open Access Preclinical Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics of SB1317 (TG02), a Potent CDK/JAK2/FLT3 Inhibitor

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SB1317 (TG02) is a novel small molecule potent CDK/JAK2/FLT3 inhibitor. To evaluate full potential of this development candidate, we conducted drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic studies of this novel anti-cancer agent. SB1317 was soluble, highly permeable in Caco-2 cells, and showed >99% binding to plasma from mice, dog and humans. It was metabolically stable in human and dog liver microsomes relative to mouse and rat. SB1317 was mainly metabolized by CYP3A4 and CY1A2 in vitro. SB1317 did not inhibit any of the major human CYPs in vitro except CYP2D6 (IC50=1 μM). SB1317 did not significantly induce CYP1A and CYP3A4 in human hepatocytes in vitro. The metabolic profiles in liver microsomes from preclinical species were qualitatively similar to humans. In pharmacokinetic studies SB1317 showed moderate to high systemic clearance (relative to liver blood flow), high volume of distribution (>0.6 L/kg), oral bioavailability of 24%, ∼ 4 and 37% in mice, rats and dogs, respectively; and extensive tissue distribution in mice. The favorable ADME of SB1317 supported its preclinical development as an oral drug candidate.





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Keywords: ADME; CDK inhibitors; CDK/JAK2/FLT3; CYP450; Cyclin dependent kinases; Rat liver microsomes; SB1317/TG02; metabolism; pharmacokinetics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • Drug Metabolism Letters publishes short papers on major advances in all areas of drug metabolism and disposition. The emphasis will be on publishing quality papers very rapidly. Letters will be processed rapidly by taking full advantage of the Internet technology for both the submission and review of manuscripts. The journal covers the following areas:

    In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites, reactive intermediate and glutathione conjugates.
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