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Open Access Loxapine P-glycoprotein Interactions In Vitro

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The antipsychotic drugs risperidone, paliperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, aripiprazole, clozapine, haloperidol, and chlorpromazine have been reported to have various degrees of interaction (substrate or inhibitor) with the multidrug resistance transporter, P-glycoprotein (P-gp). An interaction of the antipsychotic drug loxapine with P-gp was recently reported, but an IC50 value was not determined. Loxapine (as the succinate salt) was evaluated as a P-gp substrate, and inhibitor of P-gp mediated transport of digoxin in vitro in Caco-2 cells. Loxapine was not a substrate for P-gp but did exhibit weak-to-moderate inhibition (IC50 = 9.1 μM). Since the typical steady state maximal plasma concentrations of loxapine in clinical use have been reported to be in the nanomolar range, pharmacokinetic interactions due to the inhibition of P-gp activity are not expected.

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Keywords: ABCB1; Antipsychotic drugs; BCS; In vitro; Interactions; Loxapine; P-glycoprotein; P-gp activity; Psychotropic drug; blood-brain barrier

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Drug Metabolism Letters publishes short papers on major advances in all areas of drug metabolism and disposition. The emphasis will be on publishing quality papers very rapidly. Letters will be processed rapidly by taking full advantage of the Internet technology for both the submission and review of manuscripts. The journal covers the following areas:

    In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites, reactive intermediate and glutathione conjugates.
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