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Ligand-Dependent Assembly of Pregnane X Receptor, Constitutive Androstane Receptor and Liver X Receptor Is Applicable to Identify Ligands

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Pregnane X receptor (PXR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and liver X receptor (LXR) are intracellular sensors for foreign chemicals and/or endogenous compounds. Docking of a ligand into the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of a nuclear receptor induces conformational changes and switches the nuclear receptor into an active conformation. In this study, we examined whether assembly assays to exploit the ligand-dependent interaction of N- and C-terminal regions of the LBD could be used for detection of ligands for PXR, CAR and LXR. Rifampicin, CITCO and T1317 significantly enhanced interactions for human PXR, human CAR and human LXR, respectively. The effects of ligands on the interaction of LBDs in PXR and CAR reflected the species differences in ligand response of PXR and CAR. In conclusion, it appears that the present assay, which exploits the interaction between N- and C-terminal regions of LBDs, is applicable to identify ligands.





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Keywords: constitutive androstane receptor; ligand; liver X receptor; mammalian two-hybrid assay; nuclear receptor; pregnane X receptor

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2010

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  • Drug Metabolism Letters publishes short papers on major advances in all areas of drug metabolism and disposition. The emphasis will be on publishing quality papers very rapidly. Letters will be processed rapidly by taking full advantage of the Internet technology for both the submission and review of manuscripts. The journal covers the following areas:

    In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites, reactive intermediate and glutathione conjugates.
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