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The N-Terminal of Human UGT1A6 Is on the Outside, as Evidenced by ELISA with Autoantibody in Autoimmune Hepatitis Sera

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Sera from AIH (autoimmune hepatitis) type 2 patients contain an autoantibody against the UGT1A subtype, called anti-LKM3. Previously, we reported that sera in AIH type 1 patients contained autoantibodies against drugmetabolizing enzymes (Shinoda et al. (2004) Autoimmunity, 37, 473). In this report, we showed that AIH-1 sera did not react with some peptides in the C-terminal half of the UGT1A subtype but reacted with a peptide P1(33-42) among several common peptides in the N-terminal half of the UGT1A subtype. This result suggests that the P1 site (33-42) presents on the outside of the UGT1A molecule to be recognized by lymphocytes of the immune system to produce an autoantibody. To detect a key recognition site on peptide P1(33-42), we studied the reactivity of two peptides, M1(28-37) and M2(38-47), containing the N-terminal and C-terminal half of peptide P1. Peptide M2 did not react with AIH-1 serum but peptide M1 did. Thus, the common peptide sequence 33-37 in the positive peptide M1(28-37) and P1(33-42) is a key recognition sequence. Next, we studied the reactivity of some other synthetic peptides, in which some amino acids in the sequence 33-37 in peptide M1 changed to Ala. The peptides changing to Ala (PQ33-34AA) or (DGS35-37AAA) did not react with AIH-1 sera. Meanwhile, these AIH sera did not inhibit the glucuronidation of p-nitrophenol by UGT1A6, suggesting that the key sequence 33-37 might not be contained in active sites of glucuronidation by UGT1A6. In conclusion, sera from AIH-1 patients reacted with the amino acids in the sequence 33-37 (PQDGS) of the N-terminal of UGT1A6.

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Keywords: UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; UDPGA; UGT1A6; autoantibody; autoimmune hepatitis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Drug Metabolism Letters publishes short papers on major advances in all areas of drug metabolism and disposition. The emphasis will be on publishing quality papers very rapidly. Letters will be processed rapidly by taking full advantage of the Internet technology for both the submission and review of manuscripts. The journal covers the following areas:

    In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites, reactive intermediate and glutathione conjugates.
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