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Antioxidant Activity, α-glucosidase Inhibitory Activity and Chemoprotective Properties of Rhododendron brachycarpum Leaves Extracts

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Background: Rhododendron brachycarpum (RB) is a genus of flowering plants generally used for traditional medicine in Korea to treat hypertension, neuralgia, and sterility. Previous studies have shown that RB extract alleviate inflammation and antimicrobial activity.

Objective: In this study, the effects of RB and its different fractions (n-hexane, ethyl-acetate and n-butanol) on antioxidant activity, DNA damage prevention and the activity of α-glucosidase were studied.

Results: The antioxidant ability of RB was investigated in vitro, including that of DPPH-radical and reducing power. As expected, scavenging effect against DPPH-radical of ethyl acetate fraction (IC50 = 17.7 ± 0.5 μg/ml) of RB had the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity, and it was superior to the positive control, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) (IC50 = 80.8 ± 1.5 μg/ml). And the reducing power of RB was 3.18 at 1.0 mg/ml. Meanwhile, the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and prevention of oxidation stress-induced DNA damage were also highest in the ethyl acetate fraction. Pretreatment of pancreatic β-cells from Syrian golden hamster (HIT-TI5) with the ethyl acetate fraction at concentrations of 300 μg/ml significantly protected the cells from high glucose-induced cell death.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that ethyl acetate fraction of RB leaves extract has strong antioxidant, α-glucosidase, and prevention of DNA damage activities, and furthermore, ethyl acetate fraction significantly protected the cells from high glucose-induced cell death.
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Keywords: Antimicrobial activity; DNA cleavage; Rhododendron brachycarpum; a-Glucosidase; antioxidant; chemoprotective

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2017

This article was made available online on December 27, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Antioxidant Activity, α-glucosidase Inhibitory Activity and Chemoprotective Properties of Rhododendron brachycarpum Leaves Extracts".

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  • Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. Each issue of the journal contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in both pre-clinical and clinical areas of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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