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Diversity of Anticancer and Antimicrobial Compounds from Lichens and Lichen-derived Fungi: A Systematic Review (1985-2017)

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The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and cancers alarms the world for the urgent exploration of new therapeutic drugs to treat the superbugs and cancer patients. Since the ancient time, natural products and/or their derivatives have become continuous sources of leading commercialized pharmacological compounds that are used as antibiotics and antitumor agents. An unexplored source of natural products, lichen, currently has evolved into a propitious source of diverse secondary metabolites with various bio-activities including anticancer and antimicrobial, offering the abundant potentiality for future drugs. Herein, we summarized the progress in the discovery of structurally diverse anticancer compounds (C1-C85) with their plausible mode of action and antimicrobial compounds (M1-M112) from lichen and lichen-derived fungi together with their biodiversity. This review covers natural products discussed in literature from January 1985 to December 2017.
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Keywords: Lichen; anticancer and antimicrobial; biodiversity; diverse metabolites; lichenized fungi; secondary metabolites

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: November 1, 2018

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