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VaD - An Integrated Framework for Cognitive Rehabilitation

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Background & Objective: Vascular dementia is the second most common cause of dementia, with clinical features that depend on neural substrates affected by the vascular lesions. Like most neurological disorders, it involves alterations that range from the molecular level to neuronal networks. Such alterations begin as compensatory mechanisms that reshape every subsystem involved in the brain's homeostasis. Although there have been recent huge advances in understanding the pathophysiology of cognitive dysfunction, a suitable therapeutic approach to vascular dementia remains elusive. Pharmacological interventions have failed to sustainably improve cognitive function, and it is a well-known fact that there is a need to change the current view for providing neuroprotection and enhancing neurorecovery after stroke. Studies regarding cognitive training are also faced with the difficulty of drawing up protocols that can embrace a holistic approach in cognitively impaired patients.

Conclusion: This review will present a brief synthesis of current results from basic research data and clinical studies regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions in vascular dementia and will offer an integrated view from the perspective of systems biology.

Keywords: Blood-brain barrier; cognitive neurorehabilitation; non-invasive brain stimulation; pharmacological modulation; systems biology; vascular dementia

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genomics and biochemistry of contemporary molecular targets involved in neurological and central nervous system (CNS) disorders e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will contain a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics on drug targets involved in neurological and CNS disorders. As the discovery, identification, characterization and validation of novel human drug targets for neurological and CNS drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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