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Ruptured Multiple Mycotic Aneurysms Following Infective Endocarditis: Effectiveness of Catheter-based Techniques Using N-butyl Cyanoacrylate in a Hemorrhage-induced Coagulopathy

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Background: Visceral bleeding caused by ruptured mycotic aneurysms, especially intracerebral hematoma, is a most serious complication. In such cases, not only surgical techniques but also a variety of modalities such as catheter-based technique is required to comprehensively treat a patient with hemorrhage-induced coagulopathy.

Case Reports: We treated an infectious endocarditis (IE) patient with coagulopathy caused by ruptured multiple mycotic aneurysms who underwent endovascular embolization using n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and successful surgical removal assisted with catheter-based hemostasis. We also reviewed published literatures about mycotic aneurysm treated using NBCA using PUBMED. Upon review of the existing literature, it was evident that there are only a very limited number of publications related to “infectious” or “mycotic aneurysm” treated using NBCA, and only three case references were retrieved.

Conclusion: Catheter-based techniques using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) which has been used as a liquid embolic agents is effective for patients with hemorrhage-induced coagulopathy caused by ruptured mycotic aneurysms before surgical treatment.
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Keywords: Craniotomy; endovascular treatment; infection; mycotic aneurysm; splenectomy; visceral infarction

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2017

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  • Current Medical Imaging Reviews publishes frontier reviews on all the latest advances on medical imaging. All relevant areas are covered by the journal, including advances in the diagnosis, instrumentation and therapeutic applications related to all modern medical imaging techniques.

    The journal's aim is to publish the highest quality review articles dedicated to research in the field. The journal is essential reading for all clinicians and researchers involved in medical imaging and diagnosis.
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