Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

5-Aminoisoquinolin-1-one (5-AIQ), a Water-Soluble Inhibitor of the Poly(ADP-Ribose)Polymerases (PARPs)

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

5-Aminoisoquinolin-1-one (5-AIQ) is a water-soluble inhibitor of the poly(ADPribose) polymerases (PARPs), lacking isoform-selectivity. Although of only moderate potency in vitro against PARP-1, it is highly active in many assays in cells and in models in vivo, indicating excellent uptake. Optimisation of the several synthetic sequences to 5-AIQ has led to development of a short and efficient route from 1-chloroisoquinoline. It has been used widely as a biochemical and pharmacological tool to study the effects of inhibition of the PARPs. It ameliorates the damage to cells and tissues following reperfusion of ischaemic tissue, showing significant protective activity in a rodent model of haemorrhagic shock at the remarkably low dose of 30 μg Kg-1. Protection is also seen in models of myocardial infarction, ischaemic kidney and liver disorders, stroke and organ transplantation. Inhibition of PARP-1 by 5-AIQ causes down-regulation of the activity of NF-κB, which then down-regulates the expression of several gene products. Thus 5-AIQ has anti-inflammatory activity in vivo, through modulating the expression of cytokines and adhesion molecules. This indirect inhibition of expression is relevant in the activity of 5-AIQ in models of arthritis, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, periodontitis and inflammatory conditions of the lung. Inhibition of expression of matrix metalloproteinases and other factors gives rise to anti-angiogenic activity and to remarkable anti-metastatic activity in a mouse model. Thus, although it has been overtaken by other PARP-inhibiting drugs in the oncological clinic, 5-AIQ remains a valuable tool to study the roles of PARPs in health and in diverse diseases.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: 5-AIQ; 5-Aminoisoquinolin-1-one; Cancer; Inflammation; Ischaemia-reperfusion injury; Metastasis; NF-κB; Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2015

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more