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Pharmacologic Targeting of Endothelial Progenitor Cells

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The endothelium entered the field of regenerative medicine with the discovery of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). These cells participate in endothelial homeostasis and are actively involved in physiological and pathological neovascularization. Despite the unresolved discussion about the very phenotype of these cells, great efforts have been devoted to study the role of EPCs in cardiovascular diseases. EPCs are very rare in peripheral circulation and are further reduced in association with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, finding therapies to improve EPCs could unleash the way to promising cell-based therapies. Ex-vivo expansion of EPCs is a critical step to augment EPCs number, but it still needs several improvements. An alternative strategy to partially overcome these limitations is to target EPCs with available drugs. In this review we will discuss how disparate pharmacological compounds have been used to improve EPCs number and functions.

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Keywords: Endothelium; regeneration; stem cells; treatment

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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  • Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders - Drug Targets aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genomics and biochemistry of contemporary molecular targets involved in cardiovascular and hematological disorders e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will contain a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics on drug targets involved in cardiovascular and hematological disorders. As the discovery, identification, characterization and validation of novel human drug targets for cardiovascular and hematological drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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