Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Altered Prolylcarboxypeptidase Expression and Function in Response to Different Risk Factors of Diabetes

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Background: Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP, EC:3.4.16.2) is a cardioprotective protease. Plasma PRCP levels are elevated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus and cardiovascular diseases.

Objective: Since diabetic cardiomyopathy is a late complication of uncontrolled diabetes, we tested the hypothesis that glucose and free fatty acid related risk factors for T2D mellitus and cardiovascular disease may reduce the cardioprotective property of PRCP.

Method: We examined the effects of glucose, saturated fatty acids, and unsaturated fatty acids on PRCP expression in cultured H9c2 cells as an in-vitro model for pharmacological studies. Selective inhibitors, known cardioprotective agents and saturating amounts of neutralizing antibodies were used to validate the effect of free fatty acids on the expression and function of PRCP.

Results: The palmitate-mediated reduction of PRCP was concentration and time-dependent. Next, we explored the cardioprotective potential of thyroxin (T4) and insulin. Both T4 and insulin were able to prevent the palmitate-mediated reduction of PRCP expression in H9c2 cells. Inhibition of NF-kB with its specific inhibitor Bay 11-7082 or blockade of palmitate with polyunsaturated fatty acids was ineffective in preventing palmitate-mediated decreases in PRCP expression.

Conclusion: Our data indicate that elevated palmitate inhibits PRCP expression in rat cardiomyocyte. From this inference PRCP level should be monitored in obese or diabetic patients because this simple measure could identify individuals at high risk of developing health problems, such as heart failure.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Cardiomyocyte; H9c2 cells; cardiovascular disease; diabetis; palmitate; prolylcarboxypeptidase

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2016

More about this publication?
  • Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design for the discovery of new Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in Cardiovascular & Hematological medicinal chemistry.

    Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
    is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments in cardiovascular & hematological drug discovery.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more