Advances in Methods for Predicting Phase I Metabolism of Polyphenols
Flavonoids are natural polyphenols that can be found in many vegetables, citric fruits and dietary supplements and are widely consumed worldwide in the human diet. Over the past 30 years, studies have demonstrated that these compounds present significant biological activities, and their antioxidant properties may be responsible for the prevention of many diseases such as neurodegeneration, atherosclerosis, tumor generation, and microbial infections. Moreover, studies have shown that flavonoids may be substrates of cytochrome P450 enzymes and undergo bioactivation to metabolites that inhibit tumor cell growth. Therefore, it is important to understand the CYP450-mediated metabolic profiles of polyphenolic compounds during drug discovery and development processes. This review highlights ligand-based and structure-based methods to predict the Phase I metabolism of polyphenols. Moreover, an integrated in silico approach for the prediction of Phase I metabolism of the flavonoids quercetin, rutin, naringenin and naringin, which provided useful information about the most likely metabolites of these flavonoids and their interactions with amino acid residues of CYP2C9, is described.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2014
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- Current Drug Metabolism aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in drug metabolism and disposition. The journal serves as an international forum for the publication of timely reviews in drug metabolism. Current Drug Metabolism is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments. The journal covers the following areas:
In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites and adducts.
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