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Drug Metabolizing Enzymes in the Perinatal and Neonatal Period: Differences in the Expression and Activity

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Physiological changes occurring perinatally and in the first month of life can affect the answer to a pharmacological treatment and the individual response to a drug in terms of efficacy and toxicity is highly variable in the neonatal population. Among potential causes for such variability, differences in drug metabolism may have a great impact.

This article aims to review qualitative and quantitative differences in drug metabolizing enzymes in neonates, since both phase I and phase II metabolic pathways are immature at birth and subject to maturational changes in the first period of extrauterine life.

Moreover, clinical implications will be discussed.
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Keywords: CYP2C; CYP3A5; Drug Metabolizing Enzymes; Neonatal Period; Newborns; Perinatal; Sulfation; drugs; enzymes; phase II; toxicity

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Current Drug Metabolism aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in drug metabolism and disposition. The journal serves as an international forum for the publication of timely reviews in drug metabolism. Current Drug Metabolism is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments. The journal covers the following areas:

    In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites and adducts.
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