Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors: A Review on Bioanalytical Methods, Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism
Enzymes are major drug targets in drug discovery and development processes in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. A recent survey found that nearly half of all the marketed small-molecule drugs are inhibitors of enzymes. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of 28 enzymes capable of degrading the constituents of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the basementmembrane. MMPs play an essential role in several normal physiological processes including growth, wound healing and tissue repair. Over-expression and activation of MMPs has been linked to a range of diseases which include osteoarthritis, tumor metastasis, angiogenesis and cardiovascular diseases. The development of MMP inhibitors as therapeutic agents has kept an important place in drug discovery. Therefore, there is also an increasing need for robust analytical methods for evaluation of inhibitory potency and for the analysis of MMP inhibitors and their metabolites which can even play a more significant role than the parent drug. Modern analytical techniques and hyphenated instrumentations such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with a function of structure elucidation can provide a profound insight into the research of MMP inhibitors and also serve as a complementary method to zymographic techniques for the analysis of biological samples. This review mainly summarizes bioanalytical methods, pharmacokinetics and related metabolites of MMP inhibitors over the last 12 years.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2011
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- Current Drug Metabolism aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in drug metabolism and disposition. The journal serves as an international forum for the publication of timely reviews in drug metabolism. Current Drug Metabolism is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments. The journal covers the following areas:
In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites and adducts.
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