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A Review of the Pharmacological Interactions of Ivermectin in Several Animal Species

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The antiparasitic activity of ivermectin depends on the presence of an active drug concentration at the site of parasites location for an adapted length of time. Ivermectin interactions with another concurrently administered drug can occur. Concomitant administration of some drugs can increase the bioavailability of simultaneously administered ivermectin. This can, in some cases, become a useful pharmacological strategy to improve its antiparasitic efficacy and to delay the development of resistance in livestock or, in other cases, lead to adverse drug reactions and toxicities. On the other hand, other interactions can result in lower levels of this drug, determining that moderate resistant residual populations of the parasites may persist to contaminate pastures. The characterisation of ivermectin interactions can be used to predict and optimise the value of the parasiticide effects. This article reviews the pharmacological interactions of ivermectin in several domestic animal species.

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Keywords: Ivermectin; pharmacodynamic interactions; pharmacokinetic interactions; veterinary

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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  • Current Drug Metabolism aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in drug metabolism and disposition. The journal serves as an international forum for the publication of timely reviews in drug metabolism. Current Drug Metabolism is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments. The journal covers the following areas:

    In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites and adducts.
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