Intestinal Drug Transporters: In Vivo Function and Clinical Importance
The oral route of drug administration remains the most popular and convenient route of administration, despite its many shortcomings and challenges. Although the advantages associated with this route far outweigh any limitations, a prominent limitation relates to the interactions of drugs with intestinal membrane transporters. The complexities of these interactions and their impact on drug absorption and absorption variability are only now becoming recognized. The rapidly growing awareness of transporter-mediated secretion, saturable absorption, and even the concerted actions of transporters in intestinal drug absorption and secretion has attracted the attention of pharmaceutical scientists in academia, the pharmaceutical industry and the regulatory agencies. This is evidenced by the recent rapid accumulation of data in the literature, the routine conducting of transport studies in the discovery and development of drugs, and finally by the recognition of the importance of transporter (e.g. P-glycoprotein and OATP) mediated secretion of drugs by regulatory authorities such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. In this mini-review, we focus on the handful of absorptive and secretory transporters that have been relatively well studied and illustrate the impact of these intestinal transporters on oral drug absorption using published reports from preclinical and clinical studies.
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Document Type: Review Article
Affiliations: Department of Pharmaceutics, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.
Publication date: February 1, 2004
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- Current Drug Metabolism aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in drug metabolism and disposition. The journal serves as an international forum for the publication of timely reviews in drug metabolism. Current Drug Metabolism is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments. The journal covers the following areas:
In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites and adducts.
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