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Cytochromes P450 in Brain: Function and Significance

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The presence and activity of cytochromes P450 in brain regions and various brain cells have been extended and advanced over the last five years covered by this review. Using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical techniques, many cytochrome P450 enzymes have been demonstrated to be present in brain and to have a regional rather than universal distribution. Many of these various cytochromes P450 have been shown to catalyze the metabolism of neurosteroids as well as other biologically significant compounds in brain. In addition, many cytochrome P450 enzymes have been implicated in the metabolism of psychoactive drugs such as neuroleptics and antidepressants. The regulation of cytochrome P450 expression has been studied at greater detail, the regulation of aromatase being a prominent example during the last five years.
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Keywords: AROMATASE; Cytochromes P450 in Brain; Monooxygenase

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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  • Current Drug Metabolism aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in drug metabolism and disposition. The journal serves as an international forum for the publication of timely reviews in drug metabolism. Current Drug Metabolism is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments. The journal covers the following areas:

    In vitro systems including CYP-450; enzyme induction and inhibition; drug-drug interactions and enzyme kinetics; pharmacokinetics, toxicokinetics, species scaling and extrapolations; P-glycoprotein and transport carriers; target organ toxicity and interindividual variability; drug metabolism and disposition studies; extrahepatic metabolism; phase I and phase II metabolism; recent developments for the identification of drug metabolites and adducts.
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