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Mouse Models of Autoimmune Diseases

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Significant progress has been made in past decades in our understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying autoimmune diseases. Nevertheless, many questions remain unanswered, in particular regarding the mechanisms at very early stages of these diseases. Reliable animal models are of crucial importance in basic research and may help us to understand central disease pathways. They are also indispensable for pre-clinical drug testing. Here we present and discuss two mouse models of rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, respectively. In experimental studies using the models of collagen-induced arthritis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, the efficacy of new biological agents has been tested, which paved the way for clinical trials. A further interesting field where mouse models may provide valuable informations, is the identification of susceptibility genes for autoimmune diseases. Overall, in some instances studies with inbred strains may have an advantage over human studies, because environmental factors may easily be controlled and the genetic differences between different mouse strains are better characterized.





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Keywords: Autoimmunity; animal models; biological agents; multiple sclerosis; rheumatoid arthritis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2009

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  • Due to the plethora of new approaches being used in modern drug discovery by the pharmaceutical industry, Current Drug Discovery Technologies has been established to provide comprehensive overviews of all the major modern techniques and technologies used in drug design and discovery. The journal is the forum for publishing both original research papers and reviews describing novel approaches and cutting edge technologies used in all stages of drug discovery. The journal addresses the multidimensional challenges of drug discovery science including integration issues of the drug discovery process.

    Current Drug Discovery Technologies is an essential journal for all scientists and research managers involved in drug discovery who wish to keep abreast of all the modern techniques and technologies used in drug discovery.
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