Studies of KP46 and KP1019 and the Hydrolysis Product of KP1019 in Lipiodol Emulsions: Preparation and Initial Characterizations as Potential Theragnostic Agents
Objective: In this pilot study, we made use of Lipiodol as a potential carrier of three promising antitumor metal complexes (tris(8-quinolato)gallium(III) (KP46), tetrachlorobis(indazole)ruthenate(III) (KP1019) and the hydrolysis product of KP1019, mer,trans-[RuCl3(H2O)(Hind)2].
Methods: The stability of the drugs in Lipiodol and the release profile into the aqueous phase were examined independently by three different analytical techniques (high pressure liquid chromatography, HPLC; atom absorption spectroscopy, AAS; and electron spray ionization mass spectrometry, ESI-MS).
Results: The complexes were stable and remained in the Lipiodol emulsion over 3 days. In contrast to KP1019 and KP46, evaluation of Lipiodol emulsions of mer,trans-[RuCl3 (H2O) (Hind) 2] was not possible due to the insolubility of the compound in Lipiodol. KP1019 released rapidly into the aqueous phase in the first week and after 1 month it was not possible to detect the complex in the emulsion. KP46 showed a gradual release with the time resulting in the release of about 6.4 % of KP46 into the aqueous phase after 1 month of incubation.
Conclusion: The initial results show that Lipiodol can be successfully employed as a carrier of anticancer Ru- or Ga-complexes. Furthermore, advantages can overcome the poor water solubility of the metal complexes, opening new perspectives for the use of Lipiodol emulsions in molecular imaging and cancer therapy as theragnostic agents.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2018
This article was made available online on August 22, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Studies of KP46 and KP1019 and the Hydrolysis Product of KP1019 in Lipiodol Emulsions: Preparation and Initial Characterizations as Potential Theragnostic Agents".
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