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Studies of KP46 and KP1019 and the Hydrolysis Product of KP1019 in Lipiodol Emulsions: Preparation and Initial Characterizations as Potential Theragnostic Agents

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Background: Lipiodol (iodized poppy seed oil) accumulates predominately in the tumor rather than in the liver tissue [1, 2]. Therefore, mixing anticancer drugs with Lipiodol may enhance the antitumor effect by increasing the local drug concentration.

Objective: In this pilot study, we made use of Lipiodol as a potential carrier of three promising antitumor metal complexes (tris(8-quinolato)gallium(III) (KP46), tetrachlorobis(indazole)ruthenate(III) (KP1019) and the hydrolysis product of KP1019, mer,trans-[RuCl3(H2O)(Hind)2].

Methods: The stability of the drugs in Lipiodol and the release profile into the aqueous phase were examined independently by three different analytical techniques (high pressure liquid chromatography, HPLC; atom absorption spectroscopy, AAS; and electron spray ionization mass spectrometry, ESI-MS).

Results: The complexes were stable and remained in the Lipiodol emulsion over 3 days. In contrast to KP1019 and KP46, evaluation of Lipiodol emulsions of mer,trans-[RuCl3 (H2O) (Hind) 2] was not possible due to the insolubility of the compound in Lipiodol. KP1019 released rapidly into the aqueous phase in the first week and after 1 month it was not possible to detect the complex in the emulsion. KP46 showed a gradual release with the time resulting in the release of about 6.4 % of KP46 into the aqueous phase after 1 month of incubation.

Conclusion: The initial results show that Lipiodol can be successfully employed as a carrier of anticancer Ru- or Ga-complexes. Furthermore, advantages can overcome the poor water solubility of the metal complexes, opening new perspectives for the use of Lipiodol emulsions in molecular imaging and cancer therapy as theragnostic agents.
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Keywords: Antitumor metal complexes; Lipiodol emulsions; drug targeting; gallium; ruthenium; theragnostic agents

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

This article was made available online on August 22, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Studies of KP46 and KP1019 and the Hydrolysis Product of KP1019 in Lipiodol Emulsions: Preparation and Initial Characterizations as Potential Theragnostic Agents".

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  • The aim of Current Drug Delivery is to publish peer-reviewed articles, short communications, short and in-depth reviews in the rapidly developing field of drug delivery. Modern drug research aims to build in delivery properties of a drug at the design phase, however in many cases this ideal cannot be met and the development of delivery systems becomes as important as the development as the drugs themselves.

    The journal aims to cover the latest outstanding developments in drug and vaccine delivery employing physical, physico-chemical and chemical methods. The drugs include a wide range of bioactive compounds from simple pharmaceuticals to peptides, proteins, nucleotides, nucleosides and sugars. The journal will also report progress in the fields of transport routes and mechanisms including efflux proteins and multi-drug resistance.

    The journal is essential for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug design, development and delivery.
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