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In Vitro and In Vivo Characterization of Novel Biomaterial for Transdermal Application

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Polymers have become an indispensable part in the design of a conventional as well as novel drug delivery system. Gum Copal (GC), a novel biomaterial obtained from Agathis species, is evaluated in the present study for its potential application as a matrix former in transdermal drug delivery systems. GC was initially characterized for various physicochemical properties and then mechanical characterization of the Plasticized films of GC was investigated. Verapamil hydrochloride (VH), owing to its pharmacokinetic properties, was selected as the model drug for the present work. Matrix type transdermal films of VH with GC, alone and in combination with polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP K-30), were developed and evaluated for various physicochemical properties. In-vitro drug release study was carried out using paddle over disk method and in-vitro skin permeation study was performed using human cadaver skin. On the basis of physicochemical properties, in-vitro drug release study and permeation performance, formulation F5 containing GC: PVP K-30 (60:40) was selected as an optimized formulation for in vivo study. Animal studies were carried out using Dawley rats and the data obtained from the plasma drug analysis showed that peak drug concentration of about 244.94 ± 1.25 ng/mL was achieved in 6 h after the application of the patch and plasma drug concentration was maintained till 24 h. Skin irritancy test results proved the suitability of the biomaterial for transdermal application. The drug polymer interaction studies carried out using UV, FTIR and TLC analysis indicated that drug and polymer were compatible. Due to reasonably good mechanical properties, low water vapor transmission and sustained release capability, GC seems to be a promising film former for transdermal drug delivery.

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Keywords: Gum Copal; Verapamil hydrochloride; acid value; drug-carrier interaction; folding endurance; in vitro permeation; in vitro release; matrix system; plasma analysis; saponification value; skin irritancy; transdermal drug delivery; water vapor transmission

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The aim of Current Drug Delivery is to publish peer-reviewed articles, short communications, short and in-depth reviews in the rapidly developing field of drug delivery. Modern drug research aims to build in delivery properties of a drug at the design phase, however in many cases this ideal cannot be met and the development of delivery systems becomes as important as the development as the drugs themselves.

    The journal aims to cover the latest outstanding developments in drug and vaccine delivery employing physical, physico-chemical and chemical methods. The drugs include a wide range of bioactive compounds from simple pharmaceuticals to peptides, proteins, nucleotides, nucleosides and sugars. The journal will also report progress in the fields of transport routes and mechanisms including efflux proteins and multi-drug resistance.

    The journal is essential for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug design, development and delivery.
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