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Acute Effects of Oral Tofisopam on Plasma Concentration and Urinary Excretion of Uric Acid and Oxypurinol “Preliminary Communication”

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The effects of tofisopam, a GABA-receptor agonist, following oral administration (300mg) with and without allopurinol pretreatment on the plasma concentration and renal transport of uric acid and oxypurinol were investigated in 5 healthy subjects. Fractional and urinary excretions of uric acid were both significantly increased at 2-3 hours after tofisopam administration (559% and 459%, respectively), while plasma uric acid concentration was significantly decreased (36%) at 2.5 hours, suggesting that tofisopam affects uric acid metabolism via the tubular transport system. The hypouricemic effect of tofisopam was comparable to or greater than that of losartan and/or fenofibrate, which also have uric acid-lowering activity. In addition, with prior administration of allopurinol, the fractional and urinary excretions of oxypurinol were increased at 2-3 hours after tofisopam administration (51% and 33%, respectively), while the plasma oxypurinol concentration was significantly decreased at 1.5 and 2.5 hours (15% and 21%, respectively). Accordingly, tofisopam may be an attractive compound for treatment of hyperuricemia and/or gout, especially in patients complicated with autonomic dysfunction symptoms, though it is possible that the uric acid-lowering effect of oxypurinol is attenuated by tofisopam.
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Keywords: Allopurinol; hyperuricemia; levotofisopam; renal transport; uricosurics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2015

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  • Current Clinical Pharmacology publishes frontier reviews on all the latest advances in clinical pharmacology. The journal's aim is to publish the highest quality review articles in the field. Topics covered include: pharmacokinetics; therapeutic trials; adverse drug reactions; drug interactions; drug metabolism; pharmacoepidemiology; and drug development. The journal is essential reading for all researchers in clinical pharmacology.
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