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Elucidation of the Molecular Mechanisms of a Salicylhydrazide Class of Compounds by Proteomic Analysis

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Previously, we described a series of salicylhydrazide compounds with potent anti-cancer activities against a panel of human cancer cell lines derived from different origins. Preclinical evaluation showing efficacy both in vitro and in vivo in human cancer models indicated that these agents may represent a promising class of anticancer drugs. In the present study, we performed an in-depth investigation on the underlying molecular mechanisms of the most potent compounds, SC21 and SC23, using a proteomic method and bioinformatics tools. We demonstrated that SC23 induced apoptosis through multiple signaling pathways. In particular, SC23 regulated the expression of Bcl-2, p21, acetylated histone H3 and β-tubulin and the combined modulation of these proteins may result in the induction of apoptosis. We also examined the effect of SC21 and SC23 on cell cycle progression and found that both compounds arrested cells in S-phase in most cell lines tested. To better understand the signaling networks involved, we analyzed the SC21- and SC23-treated cell lysates by the Kinexus™ 628 antibody microarray. The results were interpreted with the aid of Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software. It was found that SC21 interfered with JAK/STAT signaling and elicited apoptosis through Fas and caspases pathways. Unlike SC21, SC23 induced RAR activation and caused cell cycle arrest. The signaling networks identified by this work may provide the basis for future mechanistic studies. The validation of the proposed pathways and the elucidation of the signaling cross-talk are currently under way.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • Current Cancer Drug Targets aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genomics and biochemistry of contemporary molecular drug targets involved in cancer, e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes.
    Each issue of the journal contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics on drug targets involved in cancer.
    As the discovery, identification, characterization and validation of novel human drug targets for anti-cancer drug discovery continues to grow; this journal has become essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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