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Free Content Cytotoxicity Evaluation of Dimethoxy and Trimethoxy Indanonic Spiroisoxazolines Against Cancerous Liver Cells

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Background: 3'-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-4'-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-4'H-spiro [indene-2,5'-isoxazol]-1(3H)-one and 4'-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-3'-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)- 4'H-spiro[indene-2,5'-isoxazol]-1(3H)-one compounds containing indanonic spiroisoxazoline core are widely known for their antiproliferative activities and investigation of tubulin binding modes.

Objective: To evaluate the cytotoxicity effect of Dimethoxy and Trimethoxy Indanonic Spiroisoxazolines against HepG2 cancerous liver cell line and to perform a comparison with other known anti-liver cancer drugs.

Methods: The evaluation of cytotoxicity of dimethoxy and trimethoxy indanonic spiroisoxazoline compounds, Oxaliplatin, Doxorubicin, 5-fluorouracil and Cisplatin against HepG2 (hepatocellular liver carcinoma) cell line has been performed using MTT assay and analyzed by GraphPad PRISM software (version 8.0.2).

Results: Potent cytotoxicity effects against HepG2 cell line, comparable to Cisplatin (IC50= 0.047±0.0045 μM), Oxaliplatin (IC50= 0.0051μM), Doxorubicin (IC50= 0.0014μM) and 5- fluorouracil (IC50= 0.0089 μM), were shown by both dimethoxy (IC50= 0.059±0.012 μM) and trimethoxy (IC50= 0.086±0.019 μM) indanonic spiroisoxazoline compounds.

Conclusion: In vitro biological evaluations revealed that dimethoxy and trimethoxy indanonic spiroisoxazoline compounds are good candidates for the development of new anti-liver cancer agents.
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Keywords: Anticancer; HepG2; antitubulin; cancerous liver cells; indanonic spiroisoxazoline; selective COX-2 inhibitor

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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