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Free Content The Role of Heat Shock Protein -90 (HSP-90) in Inflammatory Disorders

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In human cells, Heat Shock Protein-90 (HSP-90) is present in the cytosol, nucleoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria. The eukaryotic HSP-90 is multifunctionary and essential for cell viability, signal transduction, cell-cycle control as well as transcriptional regulation. The intracellular environment does not restrict HSP-90. It has a vital role in all types of inflammatory disorders, including cancer, autoimmune diseases, infectious inflammatory conditions. Hence, pharmacological inhibition of HSP-90 is currently a choice of therapeutic target for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, cancer, and infectious diseases. Based on the biology of HSP-90, several COOH-terminal ATPase sites of HSP-90, NH2-terminal ATPase sites of HSP-90, and Histone deacetylase inhibitors are evaluated and classified under various groups. For the treatment of different inflammatory disorders, HSP-90 identified as a promising therapeutic target. The present review may guide researchers for evaluating the HSP-90 targeted pathway as a useful therapeutic target for inflammatory diseases, including cancers.
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Keywords: HSP inhibitor; Heat shock protein-90 (HSP-90); autoimmune diseases; cancer; fungal HSP-90; viral HSP-90

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • Current Chemical Biology aims to publish full-length and mini reviews on exciting new developments at the chemistry-biology interface, covering topics relating to Chemical Synthesis, Science at Chemistry-Biology Interface and Chemical Mechanisms of Biological Systems.

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    Science at Chemistry-Biology Interface (Chemical informatics; Macromolecular catalysts and receptors; Enzymatic synthesis; Biosynthetic engineering; Combinatorial biosynthesis; Plant cell based chemistry; Bacterial and viral cell based chemistry; Chemistry of cellular processes in plants/animals; Receptor chemistry; Cell signaling chemistry; Drug design through understanding of disease processes; Synthetic biology; New high throughput screening techniques; Small molecular array fabrication; Chemical genomics; Chemical and biological approaches to carbohydrates proteins and nucleic acids design; Chemical and biological regulation of biosynthetic pathways; and Unnatural biomolecular analogs).
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