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A study to assess a cosmetic product in the treatment of cracked heels among diabetics

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Background: An evaluation of the effectiveness and safety of two readily available over-the-counter cosmetic products used in the treatment of cracked heels on people with diabetes mellitus. Method: An aqueous cream and 25% urea cream were randomly allocated to the right and left foot of each participant. Products were applied twice-daily for 2 weeks. The effectiveness of each product was assessed using corneometry, the Xerosis Assessment Scale (XAS), and a self-perception questionnaire. Results: 25 people with type 2 diabetes and moderate foot xerosis were included. The mean corneometer values revealed no significant differences in skin hydration between the products (p>0.05). A clinical improvement in skin hydration was shown by the XAS scores and mean self-perception questionnaire scores. Conclusions: The results support the daily use of emollients for improving xerosis in the diabetic foot. Further research is indicated to assess the effectiveness and safety of urea-based emollients for the treatment of xerosis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2013

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  • Dermatological Nursing is the quarterly, peer-reviewed journal of the British Dermatological Nursing Group (BDNG) and the UK's only quality dermatological nursing journal. It aims to provide cutting-edge articles on the treatment and management of dermatological conditions and the care of patients with skin problems. While the focus is on dermatological nursing, the information included is relevant to other healthcare professionals.
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