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Casual workers, collective action and anarcho-syndicalism in southern Spain: Jerez de la Frontera, 1882 to 1933

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During the first third of the twentieth century rural anarchism found its deepest roots in southern Spain. A small number of convinced revolutionaries had significant success in organizing large numbers of landless harvest workers by following a strategy of direct action to resolve local problems. It competed successfully with other trade unions for members, not just because it was usually the first to organize in the villages, but also because the socialists largely ignored farm workers until after the First World War, and Catholic syndicates could only access a limited constituency because of widespread anticlericalism. However weaknesses emerged during the Second Republic (1931–6) as the anarchist movement had to choose whether or not to support the new government, which was favourably inclined towards workers. At the same time it lost ground to the rival socialist union, which was more successful in operating at a national scale.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2015

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  • Agricultural History Review is the leading journal for the publication of original research in all aspects of agricultural and rural history. First published in 1953, the Review reflects the diversity of approaches which are possible in rural history. Its editors welcome submissions in any aspect of the history of agriculture, rural society and rural economy over the past millennium. Whilst it is not concerned with current policy debates, it is interested in considering discussions of the historical dimensions of current problems in rural society and food supply. The Review is especially strong in British rural history, but actively seeks submissions in European and American rural history and has no bar on submissions concerning the remainder of the world. It is also the journal of record for book reviews in the discipline.

    Agricultural History Review has an international editorial board. The current editors are Professor P. S. Warde, University of Cambridge, UK, who is responsible for articles, and Dr J. R. Morgan, University of Bristol, UK, who serves as editor for book reviews. The Review is fully peer-refereed.

    Agricultural History Review is published by the British Agricultural History Society from whom personal subscriptions may be obtained.
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