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Open Access De verdeling van verantwoordelijkheid tussen journalist en nieuwsbron - Vorm en functie van citaatmengvormen in journalistieke genres

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In journalistic text genres, clearly discernable representations of source text are ubiqituous, such as direct and indirect speech, but also mixed types of quotation such as free indirect speech and paraphrase can be found, in which the voices of journalist and source are much harder to tell apart. Analysis of various types of news texts about one and the same case shows that in news reports, direct or indirect speech are preferred while the mixed type free indirect speech is avoided; by contrast, this type is more frequent in background articles and opiniating news text. Even the free indirect thought - a mixed type rooted in fictive genres - appears to be possible in these subgenres. Mixing voices of source and journalist is also expressed in references to characters and events. Examples from the journalistic subgenres are compared with respect to the form and function of source representation and voice mixing. Analysis of the mental spaces that are attributed to sources in various news genres helps explaining how the mixing of voices is established.

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Keywords: citation; corpus analysis; journalistic text; mental space theory; narrative text; perspective; reference

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Publication date: April 1, 2009

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  • Het Tijdschrift voor Taalbeheersing verschijnt drie keer per jaar en biedt een platform aan taalbeheersers om de resultaten van wetenschappelijk onderzoek naar taal- en tekstgebruik te publiceren. Het onderzoek waarover gerapporteerd wordt, richt zich zowel op schriftelijke als mondelinge taalvaardigheid, op begrijpelijk en/of effectief taalgebruik, op vormen en functies van verschillende tekstgenres en op taalkundige kenmerken van communicatie. Het tijdschrift biedt ruimte aan onderzoek vanuit verschillende disciplines zoals taalwetenschap, tekstwetenschap, conversatie-analyse, communicatiewetenschap, psychologie, onderwijskunde, argumentatietheorie en retorica.

    The Dutch-language journal Tijdschrift voor Taalbeheersing is a platform for academics to publish research results about the use of language and texts. The research focuses on written and oral language skills, on understandable and/or effective language usage, on characteristics of different text genres and on characteristics of texts in communication.
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